Amathguda is a fort, situated on the right bank of the river Tel
to the place where the road leading towards Balangir crosses the river.
It is now incomplete ruins.Nothing is definitely known about this fort as
its remains have not yet been investigated. The fort, presumably, was of
considerable strategic importance in view of the fact that it stood close
to the point where the river was fordedd since ancient time.Theroad which
spanned the river by a low bridge ran almost on the old route.Another
bridge was constructed abo9ut a few metres away from the old ruined
bridge. Portions of this new bridge have been washed away by the
highfloods in river Tel that occured in 1977.
Asurgarh is a small village situated in Narla Police Station area
and is knownfor the remains of old fort. It is 5 KM from Narla and 3 Kms
from Rupra Road Railway station.
Not far from the village is an oval shaped tank nearly 200 acres
(80.9374 Hects.) in area. Between the tank and the river Sandul lie the
ruins of a fort called Asurgarh. The fort in its original shape was
rectangular covering a wide extent of land encircled by a boat. It has
four entrances one each on the East, West, South and North where the
deities Ganga Devi, Kala Pahad, Vaishnavi and Budharaja are respectively
being worshipped. Inside the fort, there is a small halmets where
Goddess Dokari (Literally means "Old Lady"), the presiding deity of the
fort is worshipped. The central part of the fort has a higher elevation
with a round on it, which is supposed to be the ruins of a palace.
Local people believe that the fort was the seal of a demon kind
called GOSINHA DAITYA.
77 K.Ms from Bhawanipatna the picturesque Ampani hills present a
panoramic view of nature. A frolicking vally called "Haladigundi" in
thishill range exhibits some peculiar features due to the reflected rays
on the sun. In the morning and evening the objects of vision appear
yellow. The whole area abounds in spotted deer, Sambar and Black
Panthers who can be seen at the Behera reservoir. 5 K.Ms away are the
pre-historic cave paintings at Gudahandi.
Situated on the confluence of the river Tel and Uttei, two
tributaries of the river Mahanadi, Belkhandi has gained prominence as a
centre of religious activities and archaeological importance with a
picture-sque site. Besides the temples now standing therein, ruuins of
12th Century monuments have been excavated from there in the recent
past.Among the sculptures unearthed images of Sapta Matruka (Seven Mother
Goddesses) and Uma Maheswar arenote-worthy. The ruins of Belkhandi are
preserved in a small museum adjacent to the temple premises. It is also
an ideal site for an outing. This place is 67 K.Ms from Bhawanipatna.
The Gudahandi hills are situated in the vicinity of Khaligarh, a
tiny villoage close to the Koraput District boarder, about 17.6 K.Ms
North-East of Ampani. Ampani is 77 K.Ms from Bhawanipatna on the road
towards Nawarangpur. In the Gudahandi hills are some ancient caves
bearing pictographic paintings of remote antiquity, Khaligarh is a very
out of the way place, the 17.6 K.Ms of Ampani being cart tracxt parts of
which pass through dense forest.|
Three small hills, all of curved length, are together known as
the Gudahandi hills. The North and the South hills join eachother in the
East leaving a courtyard like vally in between which is open towards the
West. This valley is paved by a huge block of stone slopping down to the
East. Just at the foot of these hills facing the valley are rows of
caves. Excepting one in the North, all the caves are small in
size.Although at places hewed to shape by human hand they generally
appear to have been formed bynature itself in red slate stone.
Pictographic paintings in Red and Black colours appear at the entrances
of some of caves in the Southern row. These have not yet been thoroughly
studied but it is generally surmised that they bear approximately to the
picture scripts of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Besides Gudahandi in
Kalahandi District, Bikramkhol and Ulapgarh in Sambalpur District and
Naraj in Cuttack District also possess some writings resembling
pictographic paintings. a fact indicative of pre-historic man's
habitation in Orissa.
The third hill extending North to South stands like a way to the
immediate West of the Valley. But as this hill does not join with the
other two, the valley is approachable from the North as well as from the
South by a narrow pass.All the three hills taken together have the
appearance of a pot with a lid on. The name Gudahandi, meaning a pot,
for molasses, may have its origin in the impression its shape apprently
A rivulet named Behera flows past the village. There are remains
of a veryold dam across this revulet, local people call it the work of
Bhima, the second of the Pandavas.
The old Capital of the Ex-State of Kalahandi. Junagarh was a
well built fort, the fortified area has a number of temples with Oriya
incriptions. This is a place which has sculptural evidence of the
"Sati-Rite" which was prevalent in medieval India and was stopped during
the British Rule by Lord William Bentick. The sculptures are identified
as Sati Pillars which can make interesting study. Junagarh is 26 K.Ms
from Bhawanipatna. Maa Lankeswari is the Aaradhy Devi.
Karlapat is a small village in Th.Rampur Police Station area.
Nearby, there is a Water fall called "Khandual" fall at the foot of a
hill the top of which is the abode of a female deity called "Khandua".
The fall was formerly utilised in some indigenous manner of operating a
crushing mill. At Karlapat there is a temple dedicated to "MANIKESWARI".
Lanjigarh is a village situated to the South-East of Bhawanipatna
neae the Kalahandi-Koraput border. It is 64 K.Ms from Bhawanipatna by
road. The 428 Ft. high summit of the Niamgiri hillssituated just on the
district border overlooks a narrow valley to its North of which Lanjigarh
forms the appex.
Lanjigarh was the headquarters of Lanjigarh Zamindari under
Kalahandi Ex-state. The village has some fortifications with a large
moat around. It contains the temples of Gopinath and a female Deity
called "Dokari" greatly reverred in the area. The local Jhami Yatra or
Jhamu Yatra in the month of Chaitra (March - April) is an occassion when
thousands of people gathered and witness the walking on burning charcoal
by a number of devotees, Lanjigarh exports Black gram (Biri), Ragi
(Mandia) Sesamum (Til), Mustard seeds and pulses (Kandul), Guava, Orange
and Sugar cane are grown in plenty near Lanjigarh . River Banadhara
originates from this hilly area.
Mohangiri is a village in Madanpur-Rampur Police Station close to
Boudh-Kandhamals District border in the North-East corner of the
district. It is 35 K.Ms from Madanpur Rampur. The village is near a hill
stream called Kali Ganga. A dilapidated Siva Temple stands on the Bank
of the stream. There are a few short epigraphic records on its walls and
Fifteen Kilometres fromBhawanipatna, Phurlijharan is a perennial
water fall about 30 Ft in height and has a special charm of its own.
Themulticoloured rainbow created by the sunrays falling on the scattered
water particles of the fall is an amusing sight to be seen. The
evergreen forests around the fall provide ample opportunities to group
| Rabandarh is a place of great scenic beauty lying about 12.8 K.Ms
from Bhawanipatna and approachable by a dusty road. It is named after a
small water fall inside a mountain gorge. The panorama around provides
some delightful consrasts of scenery, in mountains and over looking
dales, in bore rocks and thick forests and in the eternal calmness of the
surroundings broken by the music of the fall. Despite bad communications
picnic parties some times visit the place from Bhawanipatna as there is
no market nearby. The stream which creats the fall almost dries up
during the hot season. Down stream, a Minor Irrigation Project utilises
its water for agriculture purposes.